persons | British Army officers |
(all Regiments, Corps & Services)
Format - Abbreviations
[His Honour Sir] Carl Douglas
Son of late O.P. and J.M. Aarvold, of Highnam, West Hartlepool, County Durham.
Married (1934) Noeline Etrenne Hill (? - 2005), Denton Park, Yorks; three sons.
West Humble, Dorking district, Surrey
Education: Durham School (09.1920-07.1925; Langley
House (North Bailey; School Monitor; Head of School 1924-25; XI, 1923, 24, 25;
XV, 1923, 24 (captain after Christmas); Sports Challenge Cup 1925; Five
Challenges Cup 1925); Emmanuel College,
Cambridge (Law Tripos, Pt. I, 1927; BA, 1928; Emm. Coll. XV 1925, 26, 27, 28;
Em. Coll. XI 1926, 27, 28; Camb. XV 1925, 26, 27, 28; CURFC sec. 1926; capt.
1928; Camb. Univ. Fives team 1926, 27 (capt.), 28; English XV (Argentine Tour),
1927; British XV (Australia & N.Z.), 1930; English XV v. NSW XV (Waratahs),
1928; v. South Africa XV (Springboks), 1932 (capt.); English XV v. Scotland,
1928, 31 (capt.), 32 (capt,); v. Ireland, 1928, 29, 32 (capt,); v. Wales, 1928,
29, 31, 32 (capt.), 33 (capt.); v. France 1928, 29, 31; Durham and
Northumberland XV v. S. Africans 1931; Durham County XV, 1929-34 (capt. 1930,
31, 32, 33); Blackheath capt., 1932-33; Hon. Fellow, 1976).
Called to the Bar, Inner Temple, 1932.
Chairman, Inner London Probation Committee, 1965-75; President, Central Council of Probation Committees, 1968-75; Chairman, Home Secretary's Advice Board on Restricted Patients, 1978-81. Chairman: RAC, 1978-81; Statutory Committee, Pharmaceutical Society, 1981-86. DL Surrey, 1973. Hon. LLD Dalhousie, 1962; Hon. DCL Durham, 1965. President, Lawn Tennis Association, 1962-81.
"A top class sportsman" who "played rugby for England at wing threequarter, winning 16 caps in all and captaining the national side. He also played other games to a very high standard." He played in the 1926 Varsity Match, at Roehampton, the first full fixture (won by Cambridge by 334-241), also in 1927, and captained the VIII in 1928 (when Oxford won by 2 points!).
Here the last name and full first names are given, followed (when applicable) by titles of nobility. Titles like "Sir" are placed between square brackets  when the person was knighted after 1945. A first name in italics is the name by which one is generally known. A nickname is added in apostrophes. Portraits are shown, when available. Sources for the portraits are shown in the alternate text (hold pointer over photo and some text should appear). Family circumstances (parents, marriage, children & place of origin) are given when known. External links are added for (online available) service records, papers, biographies & obituaries.
A date & place of birth are given when known, a question mark when not known, and a year with question mark when guessed.
A date of death is given when known. Place of death is indicated when known, or when not exactly known the last known place of residence, which in some (or most) cases may be the place of death as well. When known the last resting place is also indicated, or the Memorial where the person is commemorated. If there's an indication the person was still alive at some date, this can also be indicated. Places of birth & death given are in many cases the wider areas / districts and not necessarily the smallest (exact) geographical location.
Ranks are given in sequence from lowest to highest (when known). When known, a date has been added to the rank. This date of promotion is the administrative date and doesn't necessarily indicate an actual date. E.g. someone is promoted Lieutenant on 01.01.1940, but receives a correction on this date somewhere in 1942 (in stead of a promotion), backdating his promotion to 01.01.1939. Such cases, when known, are indicated with "backdated" or "seniority". Between two promotions officers can hold an "acting" rank (indicated with "A/"). For acting & temporary ranks a period is given when known, otherwise a only starting date. Usually an officer held an acting rank, which, after having held for a certain (limited) period of time, was converted into a temporary rank. Having held a temporary rank for some time resulted in a war substantive appointment. So, usually the order of sequence is: A/, T/, WS/. The date of retirement from active service is indicated with "retired" (retd) for permanent commissions (career officers) and "released" (reld) for emergency commissions. Upon retirement an officer was entitled to the highest (war) substantive or temporary rank [not acting rank] he held. In this example Major Aarvold retired with the honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, as that was his highest temporary rank. The highlighted rank is the highest rank achieved in wartime (between Sept 1939-Aug 1945).
A number between square brackets after a rank indicates a personal service number. Once a serviceman was commissioned from the ranks, he got a new (officer) service number. So, when known, two different service numbers can be shown.
Decorations are usually given in order of wearing. Be aware that I'm not a medals specialist, and errrors may occur. Foreign awards and other honours can also be indicated below the decorations box. When known, of each decoration the ribbon has been given, the abbreviation, the date (mostly the date of gazetting in the London Gazette) and the action or campaign for which the decoration was awarded. Behind the icon (place your pointer on the icon and wait a few seconds) the full title of the decoration (and when applicable the class within the order) is given. For some decorations, such as the Victoria Cross, the citation for the award has also been reproduced. When recommendations are online available from the National Archives, usually a link is added. These recommendations can also be provided by me at no cost.
Here the career of the officer is given, starting (when known) with his education. In small print on a white background the information of his career before and after the period of 1939-1945 has been given. In larger print on a grey background his wartime career is shown. When known, a year or date is indicated. Dates between rounded brackets indicate that the person was at least serving on that date in the given posting, but exact information about when started or ended fail. E.g. 1942-(05.)1943 indicates that the person served in a certain posting in the years 1942-1943, and in an effort to specify it a bit more it is indicated that he at least still served in May 1943. As the Army List doesn't include wartime postings, and the Army Gradation List only gives staff appointments, the career slate of most officers will be pretty meagre. For every officer at least the date & regiment/corps/service of commissioning is mentioned. Details about postings are often unknown. Underneath the career box details are given about a possible civil career and social & honorary positions. Personal knowledge from relatives with additional information is usually added here as well.
Something about commissions here. One who decided to make the Army as his profession was commissioned into the the Army after having been trained as a Cadet. He got a [Permanent] Regular Army Commission. The part-time ("weekend") soldiers got a Territorial Army Commission. Wartime circumstances made it necessary to make commissions for the duration of the emergency only, the so-called Emergency Commissions. Officers could be placed in the Reserve of Officers (RARO for Regular Army, TARO for Territorial Army).
Common abbreviations for e.g. educational degrees (MA, BA, BSc etc.) and other non-military affairs are not explained here. Consult a dictionary, if necessary, or look here.
|2nd Lt.||Second Lieutenant|
|A/||Acting [rank for a certain period; after 3 months usually "upgraded'' to Temporary rank]|
|AAC||Army Air Corps|
|ACC||Army Catering Corps|
|AI||Army in India|
|BGS||Brigadier General Staff|
|Bt. (or Br.)||Brevet [a commission giving a military officer higher nominal rank than that for which pay is received]|
|Cdr.||Commander [e.g. of brigade strength]|
|Cdt.||Commandant [e.g. of camp, school, training establishment]|
|CMP||Corps of Military Police|
|CO||Commanding Officer [e.g. of battalion strength]|
|CRA||Commander Royal Artillery|
|CRE||Commander Royal Engineers|
|DAAG||Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General|
|DA&QMG||Deputy Adjutant & Quartermaster-General|
|DOW||died of wounds|
|EME||Electrical Mechanical Engineer|
|GOC||General Officer Commanding [e.g. of division strength]|
|GOC-in-C||General Officer Commanding-in-Chief [e.g. of army or theatre of war strength]|
|GSO1||General Staff Officer, 1st grade|
|GSO2||General Staff Officer, 2nd grade|
|GSO3||General Staff Officer, 3rd grade|
|Hon.||Honorary [rank held upon retirement, when higher than substantive rank]|
|IARO||Indian Army Reserve of Officers|
|jssc||qualified at a course at the Joint Services Staff College|
|KIA||killed in action|
|KOSB||The King's Own Scottish Borderers|
|KRRC||The King's Royal Rifle Corps|
|L/||Lance- [prefix for rank, i.e. Lance-Corporal, Lance-Sergeant]|
|LRPU||Long Range Patrol Unit|
|LRDG||Long Range Desert Group|
|MPK||missing, presumed killed|
|OC||Officer Commanding [e.g. of company strength]|
|OCTU||Officer Cadet Training Unit|
|OTC||Officer Training Corps|
|POW||prisoner of war|
|prob.||probationary / on probation|
|psc||graduate of a Staff College (Camberley or Quetta)|
|RAC||Royal Armoured Corps|
|2||Royal Army Medical Corps|
|RAOC||Royal Army Ordnance Corps|
|RAPC||Royal Army Pay Corps|
|RARO||Regular Army Reserve of Officers|
|RASC||Royal Army Service Corps|
|RFA||Royal Field Artillery|
|RHA||Royal Horse Artillery|
|RMA||Royal Military Academy, Woolwich [post-war: Sandhurst]|
|RMC||Royal Military College, Sandhurst|
|RTR||Royal Tank Regiment|
|S/||Staff [prefix for rank, i.e. Staff-Sergeant]|
|SADE||Specialised Armour Development Establishment|
|Serjt., Sjt.||Serjeant = Sergeant|
|SRO||Supplementary Reserve of Officers|
|T/||Temporary [rank for a certain period]|
|TARO||Territorial Army Reserve of Officers|
|TSO||Technical Staff Officer|
|WS/||War Substantive [for the duration of wartime service only]|
|Wt.Offr.||Warrant Officer [Class I / Class II]|